| 4.4. Rises at Least 16cm – All distances are measured relative to the Earth’s surface. When tossed, the ball must travel to a point at least 16cm above where it started. The relative position of the server’s hand is not relevant.|
The interpretation here could be more specific.
The rule specifically mentions "after leaving the palm." "above where it
started" could lead to more confusion.
Ma Long used to get called on for this, often. He would toss the ball in such a way that the ball would have traveled way more than 16cm if you count the distance from where the toss started(from the stationary palm just above the table top) and where the ball ended up before falling, but the ball would have barely passed 16cm if you count the distance the ball has traveled after leaving the palm, as intended by the rule.
Coupled with the hand rising and following after the ball, it's easy for umpires to fall under the impression of insufficient toss height.@1:44@4:25
, here the toss height is clearly insufficient. Another one @6:32.
Edited by zeio - 03/20/2017 at 9:39pm